Monsoon is here!!
Undoubtedly, the season of joy and exuberant moments to rejoice. Monsoon season brings solace to all after the long and scorching summer season. But the arrival of monsoon is not all good news as it is the bearer of a number of infections and diseases.
Since, this season’s predominant factor is rain therefore, it entices many waterborne and mosquito borne diseases like malaria, dengue, chikungunya, etc. According to reports, it has been observed that every year thousands of people die due to waterborne and mosquito borne diseases.
If you take a look at the statistics of the last few years of the most common water and mosquito borne disease you will be shocked to know that:
- Dengue, the vector born infection killed nearly 25000 people globally
- WHO reported 4,35,000 deaths all over the world due to malaria in 2017
- Chikungunya causes 237 deaths globally each year (mortality rate is comparatively low in this disease).
Symptoms Of Mosquito Borne Diseases in Monsoon
It is imperative to know the symptoms of the diseases transmitted by mosquitoes in monsoon to take precautionary actions. The mosquito borne diseases are listed below:
- Dengue – It is a vector borne disease, which is spread by the female mosquito species called Aedes aegypti. It cannot spread directly from person to person i.e., it is not contagious. A person is inflicted with dengue virus only when a mosquito carrying dengue virus bites that person. The symptoms of dengue virus appears 4 to 7 days after being bitten by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The symptoms are :
- High fever (104°F)
- Pain behind the eyes
- Severe headache
- Body rashes
- Aching in muscles and joints
- Loss of appetite
- Vomiting and feeling nausea
- Petechial rash
In more severe cases, the symptoms can cause bleeding from the mouth and nose, severe abdominal pain, huge fall in blood pressure, deterioration in pulse rate, blood in the excretion, difficulty in breathing. It can also lead to multiple organ failure.
- Malaria – Malaria is spread by Anopheles mosquito. It is also not a contagious disease and a person can only get infected with malaria if an Anopheles mosquito bites that person. The manifestation of symptoms appear few weeks after being bitten by the mosquito. Take a look at the symptoms:
- High fever, headache and muscle pain
- Cold shivering and vomiting
- Multiple convulsions ( sudden violent movement of the body)
- Shortness of breath
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in the stool
- Multiple organ failure
- Chikungunya – The meaning of chikungunya is to “walk bent”. It is another disease spread by mosquitoes which is not contagious. The symptoms of the disease usually begins 3 to 7 days after being bitten by the infected mosquito. The consequences can be severe and disabling and is rarely fatal most of the times.
The symptoms are as follows:
- Joint pain and swelling (which can persist for months)
- Muscle pain
Read more…Most Dangerous Diseases in Monsoon
The above mentioned mosquito diseases are quite prevalent and common but there are many other diseases which are also caused by mosquito bite such as Zika virus or Zika fever, west Nile virus, yellow fever, Encephalitis. Therefore, one should not only be careful during monsoon season but also should be cautious during other season as well to avoid mosquito diseases or mosquito bite.
Precautions you need to take to avoid diseases transmitted by mosquitoes are as follows:
- Avoid wearing dark colours clothes to cover up and instead opt for light coloured clothes
- Use mosquito net while sleeping to avoid mosquitoes bites
- Use mosquito repellents with higher concentration of DEET (diethyltoluamide). But if you have children at home use Non-deet based repellent as higher concentration of Deet can be harmful
- Avoid using heavily scented perfume and soaps
- Try to stay inside during dawn, dusk and early evening as the intensity of mosquitoes are quite high during that time
- While travelling to different places keep your body covered as much as possible.
Apart from all the above mentioned precautions, another vital precaution one should take to avoid diseases caused by mosquito is to keep a check on the stagnant water at your home. Stagnant water of ponds and lakes also entices mosquitoes, therefore staying away from such areas is advisable.
Stagnant Water: During monsoon stagnant water becomes a strong breeding ground for the mosquitoes. In this season, rain water is filled and swamped everywhere such as ponds, drains, plant tub, buckets, water coolers, damaged vessels are flooded with water. Therefore, it is important that one should try to clean all the possible areas. The risk of mosquitoes breeding in these places can be reduced by:
- Draining, emptying or covering all the things which may hold stagnant water
- Changing the water storage pans of the plant tub every week
- Maintaining the swimming pools by cleaning the water regularly
- Turning the buckets and used pots or bins upside down to avoid water accumulation
- Sanitizing the bird baths weekly can also help
- Cleaning your water coolers regularly
- Lastly, keeping the drains and rain gutters clean is utmost important as mosquitoes breed highly in these areas
We all love this season, and it will always bring joyful moments for us. Don’t stop celebrating this season, just take little steps of precaution and stay safe this monsoon season.