The pleasant earthy smell after a shower of rainfall accompanied by the aroma of pakoras with piping hot tea is every Indian’s monsoon fantasy. The pitter-patter on the window sill, freshness in the breeze makes life better after a scorching summer.
But, all is not fun when it comes to monsoon season. Rainy season with all the pleasantries and frolic also brings several of diseases.
Due to climate change and unhygienic conditions risk of falling prey to several monsoon-related diseases gets remarkably high. Some of the rainy season diseases can be dangerous and take a toll on the health. Therefore, it is extremely important to know about the various diseases caused in the rainy season.
Here is a list of various monsoon diseases and how to deal with them.
1.Dengue: Dengue is a really common monsoon disease. A life-threatening disease spread by the female mosquito(Aedes Aegypti) which typically bites early in the morning or at dawn. The other name of dengue is ‘ break-bone fever.
Symptoms: The dengue symptoms include:
- High fever
- Low platelet count
- Severe joint and muscle pain
- Swollen lymph nodes
Preventive measures: Using mosquito repellents and wearing full sleeves clothes covering the entire body can help prevent dengue. Also, make sure to clean your surroundings and avoid waterlogging. Make sure to clean your coolers and pots regularly as stagnant water is the best breeding ground for mosquitoes.
2.Chikungunya: Chikungunya is another mosquito-borne disease caused by the bite of a female mosquito; Aedes Albopictus. Born in stagnant water found in coolers, plants, utensils the female mosquitoes act as the carrier of another monsoon related disease.
Symptoms: The symptoms related to chikungunya include;
- High fever
- Acute joint pain
Preventive measures: Use of mosquito repellents and mosquito sprays can help deal with the mosquito population. Make sure to clean your surroundings regularly.
3.Malaria: Malaria is the most common disease during the rainy season. It is caused by Female Anopheles mosquito which breeds in stagnant dirty water. Cerebral malaria is the most dangerous type of malaria.
Symptoms: The most common malaria symptoms include:
- High fever
- Body aches
- Severe anemia
Preventive measures: Antimalarial drugs are suggested as a precaution to avoid mosquitoes. Electronic mosquito repellent devices can help avoid mosquitoes at home. Avoid storing water for long and clear the waterlogged areas around you.
4.Cholera: Cholera is a dangerous bacterial disease caused by the consumption of contaminated food and water. Poor hygienic conditions only add to the problem. Cholera can be fatal if not treated immediately.
Symptoms: The symptoms of cholera include:
- Water diarrhea
- Rice water stools
- Low blood pressure
- Loss of skin elasticity
- Rapid heart rate
Preventive measures: Make sure to drink clean and purified water. Avoid consuming outside food and water. Proper measures for better sanitation can help prevent Cholera.
5.Typhoid: Typhoid is a water-borne bacterial disease caused by Salmonella bacteria or bacterium S.typhi. Bacteria Salmonella is transmitted through the consumption of contaminated food or water.
Symptoms: The important typhoid symptoms include:
- High fever
- Severe abdominal pain
- Diarrhea or constipation
Preventive measures: Small steps like handwashing and drinking clean water, maintaining sanitation are key preventive measures for typhoid.
6.Hepatitis A: A highly contagious liver infection caused by the Hepatitis A virus. It is transmitted through contaminated food and water.
Symptoms: The symptoms of Hepatitis A are:
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
Preventive measures: Washing hands frequently and maintaining good hygiene can help prevent the spread of this monsoon disease.
7. Leptospirosis: Commonly known as Weil’s Syndrome, leptospirosis is a dangerous disease in the monsoon that spreads through infected soil or water. It is mainly transmitted from animals to humans through broken skin or when the mucous membrane comes in contact with the dirty water or by ingesting contaminated food or water.
Symptoms: The major leptospirosis includes:
- Muscle pain
- Eye pain
- Abdominal pain
- Stiffness of the neck
Preventive measures: Wearing closed shoes when stepping out of the house and properly covering the bruises and cuts to protect from contamination.
8. Influenza (cold and flu): Commonly known as cold and flu are the most common monsoon disease. It spreads after the weather change caused after monsoon showers. It is viral and highly contagious.
Symptoms: The symptoms of influenza are:
- Runny or stuffy nose,
- Throat irritation and soreness
- Dry and persistent cough
- Muscle ache
Preventive measures: To have a healthy and balanced diet is the best way to prevent influenza. A healthy and nutritious diet helps build the immune system and improves body resistance towards infections.
Read more…Dengue Fever : Causes and Symptoms
Read more…Dengue Fever: Diagnosis and Treatment