Early detection of disease helps in timely treatment and management. Diseases are generally easier to treat at an early stage and to devise proper health management. Therefore, it becomes crucial after a certain age to go for regular health screening to keep your health insured.
Health screening constitutes tests that can detect diseases before symptoms appear. Some health screening tests can be performed in your doctor’s office while others need some special equipment, so you might need health screening lab that provides health screening services.
Your doctor will help you decide the health screening tests based on the following factors:
- Age, health ,and gender
- Family history of certain diseases
- Lifestyle habits such as smoking, drinking ,etc.
- Complete medical history
Various health screening packages are available specifically for men and women depending on the incidence of diseases. You can choose the test packages accordingly after taking advice from the doctor or healthcare professional.
Health screening package prices are different for each package depending upon what tests are included in the package. Some tests can be costly, hence the health screening package.
You can select a health screening package comprising of the following tests based on the gender:
Health Screening Tests For both men and women
- Blood cholesterol: If you are of age 35 or above, you should get your blood cholesterol levels checked regularly. Elevation in LDL( bad cholesterol) level, reduction in HDL( good cholesterol), and elevation in triglycerides can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.
- Blood pressure: You should get the blood pressure checked every 2 years if normal (120/180 or below). Incase of elevated blood pressure there is an increased risk of heart disease and needs to get it checked at least once per year.
- Diabetes screening: All men and women between the ages of 40 to 70 should consider screening for diabetes. Diabetes screening is also recommended if you have a family history for type 2 diabetes and if you take medicines to control high blood pressure.
- Colon cancer: All men and women should get screened for colorectal (colon and rectal) cancer by age 50. Those who have a family history of colorectal cancer should get a colonoscopy done even sooner.
- Lung cancer: If you smoke or use tobacco and are above the age of 40, you should go for a lung cancer screening test yearly. Even second hand smoke can damage the lungs and can cause lung cancer.
- Dental exam: Men and women of all ages should get dental examination and cleaning every year, or as advised by your doctor. Oral hygiene plays an important role in overall health.
- Eye exam: Get your vision examined at least once in two years if you are at risk for glaucoma or cataract. Those who wear glasses should get your eye test done once a year.
- BMI: Get your BMI checked regularly basis if your are overweight. Obesity can lead to many serious health problems including heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and joint problems.
Certain tests that are specifically advised for the males:
- Prostate cancer screening: It is recommended for every man beyond the age of 50.
- Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm screening: Men between the ages of 65 and 75 who smoke or have ever smoked should get this screening done. It helps to determine the presence, size, and extent of an aortic aneurysm. Aortic bulging can result in internal bleeding as well.
Certain specific tests designed for women as per the various health conditions are:
- Bone density screening: Women should consider a bone density screening for osteoporosis as soon as they turn 60. Those at risk of osteoporosis should be screened earlier as per the doctor’s advice. Frequency of this test depends on the bone density and other risk factors.
- Pap smear: Starting at the age of 21 until the age of 65, all women should have a pap smear test once every three years. Smears find abnormal cells on the cervix, which can be removed before they turn into cervical cancer.
- Mammograms: A mammogram( X-ray of breasts) screens for breast cancer. Starting at the age of 45, all women should have a mammogram every two years or after discussing with your doctor.