Men’s health check includes a battery of tests and check-ups which are essential for maintaining good health. With the increase in longevity, geriatric diseases are on a rise. Also the body needs regular screening tests to detect diseases. Men’s health check-up should be done on a regular basis in order to:
- Encourage a healthy lifestyle
- Detect medical issues
- Update vaccinations and medications
- Assess the risk of future medical problems
- Provide treatment for existing diseases or conditions.
Even if a person feels physically fine, he should go for these check-ups on a regular basis. Even in the absence of symptoms, it is recommended for males of all ages . Screenings should begin after the age of twenty in order to provide preventive care and minimize risk of developing diseases in the future.
Men’s full health check-up helps the person to stay healthy, to detect early warning signs of any illness and talk about health concerns with the health care professional. During the health check, the doctor will discuss the personal and family history. The lifestyle and the habits are also taken into account. The doctor usually recommends health check at home which can help the patient to stay healthy and to detect any warning signs . The home checks for men are:
- Examination of the skin for any moles or changes in colour and size of any mole.
- Dental care to reduce gum diseases and dental decay
- Testicular exam for any lumps or abnormalities.
Read more…Best Ways to Maintain Ideal Body Weight
If anything unusual is noticed, the doctor should be consulted. Regular men’s health check-up are done by the physician at the hospital and includes the following;
1. Heart check-up – heart check is done for healthy individuals as well as those who have risk factors for heart disease. It includes the following tests:
- Blood pressure should be checked every two years in normal individuals with no family history of heart disease under the age of forty. In men over forty years of age, it should be checked once a year. It helps in avoiding heart diseases.
- Blood tests are done to check the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides which affect the heart. It should be done once in five years or as recommended by the doctor.
- ECG- it is done in men to detect heart abnormalities. It should be done every two years in men over fifty years.
2. Diabetes check-up – in cases of men with risk of developing diabetes, a regular check is recommended. These risk factors include:
- Pre-diabetes – it means the blood sugar level is slightly increased
- Family history of diabetes
- Being over the age of forty and being overweight or obese
- Being over the age of fifty-five
- Taking medication which may increase the chances of developing diabetes
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Unhealthy eating habits.
- Tests for diabetes includes fasting blood sugar test and other tests which can be done according to the requirement.
3. Prostrate cancer screening for men – between the age of fifty and seventy, a prostrate cancer screening is recommended. It is done by a prostrate specific antigen[PSA]test considering the following factors:
- General health of the person
- Family history or other risk factors
- Presence of any symptoms.
If the test result is high, other tests can be done like the digital rectal examination. This test is recommended for men who have a family history of cancer and is not done as a routine screening test.
4. Bowel cancer screening for men – the test used to detect bowel cancer is called faecal occult blood test [FOBT]. The stool sample is examined for any signs of bowel cancer. FOBT is recommended for:
- Men over fifty years of age
- Men having family history of cancer
Colonoscopy is also recommended for men having high risk of cancer.
5. Eye tests for men – eyesight is one of the faculties which deteriorates with age and problems like glaucoma , cataract and retinopathy develop. After the age of sixty, an annual eye check is recommended for all men. If the following risk factors are present, more frequent tests are required:
- Family history of eye diseases
- Men suffering from already existing eye disease or injury
- Systemic disease like diabetes
- Certain medications which may affect the eyes.
6. Bone density check for men – it helps to determine the health of the bones. It is used in the following conditions:
- Previously existing osteoporosis
- History of corticosteroid medication
- Poor nutrition and low vitamin D levels
- Lack of physical activity
- Chronic liver or kidney disease
- Previous fracture
- Chronic bone pain
Other things discussed during the men’s health check-up are :
- Presence of any concerning any symptoms
- Alcohol and drug issues
- Erectile dysfunction issues
- Reproductive health issues
- Mental health issues
All these constitute the men’s health screening. The number of tests and their frequency is decided by the doctor according to the individual need.