What are Cholera Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Precaution?

what is Cholera

What is cholera? Cholera virus ?

Cholera is a severly infectious disease that mainly results in extremely watery diarrhoea, which in turn can lead to dehydration and in some cases even death if not treated. It is caused by consumption of contaminated food or drinking water by a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae. The World Health Organization reports that there are 1.3 million to 4 million cases each year.

Causes?

The disease is more prevalent in places with bad or poor sanitation, crowding or slum living, war and famine. Its common in places like- parts of Africa, south Asian and Latin America.

Vibrio cholerae, is the bacterium that causes cholera. Its usually found in food or water contaminated by feces from a infected person. Common sources include:

  • Municipal/ communal untrated  water supplies
  • Ice made from local untreated water
  • Water and foods by street dwellers and hawkers.
  • Vegetables and fruits grown with dirty water that’s is containing human wastes
  • Very rarely in Raw or undercooked fish and seafood caught in waters polluted with sewage

Cholera CausesSymptoms

Symptoms of Cholera include-

  • Watery stools.
  • Fishy smell to stools.
  • Rapid increase in heart rate.
  • Low blood pressure
  • Muscular cramps
  • Dehydration and feeling of thirst
  • Dry mucus
  • Loss of skin elasticity
  • Vomiting

Treatment

Cholera can be treated by vaccines, depending on the type , severity and doctors guidelines.

Main treatment for cholera is keeping hydrated. Depending of severity of the symptoms, i.e. diarrhoea, the treatment consists of either oral or intravenous solutions to replace lost fluid and ions in the body. Antibiotics , though not used in mild cases, can also be prescribed to  reduce the diarrhoea, and kill the bacteria.

Cholera TreatmentPrecaution

    • Always drink safe pure water.
    • Use safe drinking water for cooking and clean water for cleaning.
    • Use proper toilets. Do not defecate in the open.
    • Always cover any open faeces with mud.
    • Always cook food well, especially meats and sea foods.

Wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly before consumption.

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